Abstract. To elucidate the effect of rT3 on iodothyronine-5′-deiodinating activity (I-5′-DA) in the liver of neonatal mice, rT3 was injected sc on the 5–8th day after birth and I-5′-DA in the liver was determined. A single injection of rT3 (0.01–1 μg/g) inhibited the ontogenetically developing I-5′-DA in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The inhibitory effect was reversible and specific for I-5′-DA. Lineweaver-Burk analysis revealed that the time- and dose-dependent decrease in the enzyme activity was due to a decrease in Vmax with no alteration in Km values (5 × 10−8 mol/l). The maximal inhibitory effect was observed at a dose of 1 μg rT3/g, whereas the inhibitory effect was diminished at greater doses (4–10 μg/g), probably owing to a contamination with T4 of the rT3 preparation administered. Furthermore, consistent with our previous in vitro findings, rT3 inhibited the I-5′-DA induced by T3 in the liver of neonatal mice. These findings suggest that rT3 inhibited I-5′-DA in the liver of neonatal mice by decreasing the amount of enzyme available to the substrate and that rT3 also elicited an antagonistic effect against T3 in the induction of I-5′-DA in vivo.
Doo Chol Han, Kanji Sato, Yuko Fujii, Minoru Ozawa, Hidehito Imamura, Toshio Tsushima and Kazuo Shizume
Kanji Sato, Doo Chol Han, Minoru Ozawa, Yuko Fujii, Toshio Tsushima and Kazuo Shizume
Abstract. A highly sensitive bioassay for PTH was developed by using rat osteosarcoma cells (ROS 17/2.8). By limiting dilution, ROS cells were subcloned and the subclonal cell line (ROS 17/2.8–5) most responsive to PTH was selected. When subconfluent ROS 17/2.8–5 cells were treated with hydrocortisone for 3 days and then incubated with PTH, the cAMP response was significant at 10–40 ng/l hPTH (1–34) (4 ∼ 16 × 10−12 mol/l). Osteoclast activating factors such as human interleukin I alpha and beta, and tumour necrosis factor alpha did not stimulate cAMP production, whereas a conditioned medium of oesophageal carcinoma cells established from a patient with humoral hypercalcaemia stimulated cAMP production. By selecting PTH-responsive subclonal cells and treating them with hydrocortisone, the sensitivity for detecting PTH was improved approximately 15 times. This method will be useful in the characterization and purification of PTH-like factors produced by malignant tumours from hypercalcaemic patients.