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Ali S Al-Zahrani, Mohei-Eldin M Abouzied, Suzan Abdel Salam, Gamal Mohamed, Ayman Rifai, Abdulaziz Al Sugair and Tarik Amin

Objectives

The objective of the study was to compare F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose position emission tomography (FDG-PET) with diagnostic whole body scanning (DxWBS) and post-ablation radioiodine whole body scanning (TxWBS) and to assess its prognostic value in newly diagnosed differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients, hypothesizing that FDG-PET is more likely to disclose locoregional and distant metastases.

Patients and methods

DxWBS and FDG-PET scanning were performed in 26 newly diagnosed DTC patients who underwent thyroidectomy and TxWBS in 24 cases who had radioactive iodine ablation. The results of the FDG-PET scans were correlated with the stage of the disease and the long-term outcome of DTC.

Results

Overall, 18 FDG-PET scans (69.2%) were positive showing a total of 40 foci while 8 scans (30.8%) were negative. The corresponding 26 DxWBS were all positive and showed a total of 47 foci. DxWBS and TxWBS showed similar foci in the 24 patients who had ablation therapy. In contrast to the FDG-PET scans that showed uptake of 26 foci (65%) outside the thyroid bed, 45 foci (95.7%) on DxWBS were in the thyroid bed while 2 foci (4.3%) were in cervical lymph nodes and no focus was seen outside the neck area (P=0.000). There was a clear correlation between the FDG-PET results, the stage of the disease and long-term outcome; seven of the eight negative FDG-PET scans were in stage 1, while all patients with disease higher than stage 1 (six patients) had positive scans. Over a median of 30 months (10–48), seven out of eight patients (87.5%) with negative FDG-PET scans were in remission compared with only eight patients (44.4%) with positive FDG-PET (P=0.04).

Conclusions

In the postoperative evaluation of DTC, compared with DxWBS and TxWBS, FDG-PET scans are more likely to reveal uptake outside the thyroid bed and to correlate with the stage of the disease and long-term outcome.

Free access

Ali S Alzahrani, Mohei-Eldin M Abouzied, Suzan Abdel Salam, Gamal Mohamed, Ayman Rifai, Abdulaziz Al Sugair and Tarik Amin

The journal apologizes for an error in the above paper which appeared in 158 (5) 683–689. The authors' names should appear as above.