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John A Thomson, Rhoda M Wilson and Ian M Franklin

Thomson JA, Wilson RM, Franklin IM. Transmission of thyrotoxicosis of autoimmune type by sibling allogeneic bone marrow transplant. Eur J Endocrinol 1995;133:564–6. ISSN 0804–4643

This case report is on a 25-years-old male with acute myeloblastic leukaemia who achieved a remission after cytoxic therapy and whole-body irradiation. He received a bone marrow transplant from his human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sister who had unsuspected autoimmune thyroid disease. Nine months later the bone marrow recipient developed thyrotoxicosis of autoimmune type at a time when his circulating lymphocytes were of 46XX karyotype. It is suspected that the thyrotoxicosis resulted from the transplantation of a clone of lymphocytes predisposed to the production of thyroid-stimulating autoantibodies.

JA Thomson, University Department of Medicine, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Queen Elizabeth Building, 10 Alexandra Parade, Glasgow G31 2ER, UK