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Yallampalli Chandrasekhar, Satya Narayan, Pomila Singh and Manubai Nagamani

Abstract.

IGF-I receptors have been identified and characterized in a variety of tissues. In this study receptors for IGF-I in the rat uterine tissue were identified and characterized. We have demonstrated IGF-I receptors in crude uterine membranes by binding and cross-linking experiments. IGF-I binding to the rat uterine membranes displayed time, temperature and pH dependance, and optimal binding conditions were achieved by 20 h of incubation at 4°C, at a pH of 7.8. Uterine IGF-I binding sites were specific for binding IGF-I peptide and demonstrated less than 100 × lower affinity for insulin. The binding was reversible and Scatchard analysis indicated presence of a single class of binding sites with an apparent dissociation constant of 1.68 ± 0.24 nmol/l and Bmax of 0.82 ± 0.1 pmol/mg protein. During estrogen treatment, sensitization and decidualization there was an overall increase of membrane proteins in the uterus and a relative decrease of IGF-I receptors per unit of protein. When expressed on a per uterus basis, there was a progressive increment in total IGF-I binding in estradiol-treated, sensitized, and decidualized uterus compared with controls. These data indicate a possible role for IGF-I in uterine cell multiplication and further differentiation to decidual cells in response to deciduogenic stimuli.

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Yallampalli Chandrasekhar, Satya Narayan, Pomila Singh and Manubai Nagamani

Abstract

This study was undertaken to identify uterine insulin-like growth factor II receptors and examine the regulation of these receptor levels throughout the estrus cycle. We have demonstrated IGF-II receptors in crude uterine membranes by binding and cross-linking experiments. IGF-II binding to the rat uterine membranes displayed time and temperature dependence and maximum binding was achieved by 2 h at 22°C. Uterine IGF-II binding sites were specific for binding IGF-II peptide and demonstrated negligible binding affinity for IGF-I and no affinity for insulin. The specific anti-IGF-II receptor antibody, R-II-PAB1, blocked the specific [125I]IGF-II binding to uterine membranes in a dose-dependent manner. The characteristics of uterine IGF-II receptor are similar to those reported for other tissues, with a single class of high-affinity binding sites with an apparent dissociation constant of 1.2±0.5 nmol/l and βmax of 2.65±0.41 pmol/mg protein. Affinity cross-linking experiments indicated that the specific binding of [125I]IGF-II in the uterus is associated with a single band of protein with a mol wt of 250 kD. In mature cycling rats, the proestrus uterus had the lowest level of [125I]IGF-II binding per mg membrane protein, without changes in receptor affinity. However, because of greater yield of protein from proestrus uteri, the total [125I]IGF-II binding capacity of the uterus was similar to the other stages of the estrus cycle. These studies demonstrate the presence of authentic IGF-II receptors in the rat uterus and illustrate variations in the concentration of these receptors in the uterus throughout the estrus cycle.