Sluss PM, Lee K, Mattox JH, Smith PC, Graham MC, Partridge AB. Estradiol and progesterone production by cultured granulosa cells cryopreserved from in vitro fertilization patients. Eur J Endocrinol 1994;130:259–64. ISSN 0804–4643
Gonadotropin-stimulated steroidogenesis was studied in cultured human granulosa-lutein cells obtained from patients undergoing procedures for in vitro fertilization. The impact of cryopreservation on cell function in vitro was studied. Granulosa cells obtained from in vitro fertilization patients were cultured in serum-supplemented medium or cryopreserved at −135°C for 2–22 months. Fresh (unfrozen) cells (105) produced estradiol at a rate of 1320 pmol/l (over 72 h) and progesterone at about 2500 nmol/l. Estradiol production by either fresh or cryopreserved granulosa cells in culture was unaffected by physiological concentrations of follicle-stimulating hormone (7IU/l). Adding testosterone (10−7 mol/l) to the medium increased estradiol secretion approximately sixfold. In contrast, progesterone production was not affected by follicle-stimulating hormone or testosterone. No significant differences were observed in cultures of cryopreserved granulosa cells compared to cultures of unfrozen cells with respect to estradiol secretion, the effects of follicle-stimulating hormone or testosterone on estradiol secretion, or progesterone production. Progesterone production by fresh and cryopreserved cells was stimulated by human chorionic gonadotropin. These data indicate that cryopreservation offers the potential to facilitate prospective studies utilizing large numbers of human granulosa-lutein cells in culture.
Patrick M Sluss, Reproductive Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital East, 149 13th Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA