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Maryse Pholséna, Yves Le Bouc, Elisabeth Rousseau, Rémy Christol, Pascal Birman, Laurence Périn and François Girard

Twenty-four hourly urinary growth hormone excretion (24-h uGH) has been quantified using a combination of ultrafiltration and conventional immunoradiometric assay. Twenty-four hourly uGH was measured in 20 normal adults and in 42 patients with acromegaly (9 untreated, 28 treated but with above-normal IGF-I levels, and 5 treated and cured). The means and ranges were as follows: 3.7 (1–9) ng/24 h for normals and 160(40–540), 66(2–380) and 5.2 (4–8) ng/24 h for the three groups of acromegalic patients, respectively. Ten patients with pituitary adenomas without acromegaly had 24-h uGH within the normal range. Twenty-four hourly uGH therefore gives a clear differentiation between controls and untreated patients. Log-transformed values for subjects with acromegaly showed significant correlations between 24-h uGH and levels of IGF-I (r=0.63, p<0.01), fasting plasma GH (r=0.92, p<0.001) and plasma GH after glucose loading (r=0.85, p<0.001). Twenty-four hourly uGH was also determined in three acromegalic patients before and during SMS 201–995 therapy. Twenty-four hourly uGH reflected the corresponding changes in mean levels for hourly sampling over 12 h of plasma GH and IGF-I and in clinical signs after 3–6 months of therapy. The results of this study indicate that 24-h uGH is an accurate indicator of GH secretion in acromegalic patients and could therefore be used both in diagnosis and in monitoring the progress of therapy in these patients.

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Aart-Jan van der Lely, Ignacio Bernabeu, Jan Cap, Philippe Caron, Annamaria Colao, Josef Marek, Sebastian Neggers and Pascal Birman


To evaluate the efficacy and safety of coadministered lanreotide Autogel (LA; 120 mg/month) and pegvisomant (40–120 mg/week) in acromegaly.


This is a 28-week, multicenter, open-label, single-arm sequential study.


Patients (n=92) biochemically uncontrolled, on somatostatin analogs (SSAs) or using pegvisomant monotherapy entered a 4-month run-in taking LA (120 mg/month). Patients uncontrolled after the run-in period (n=57) entered a 28-week coadministration period, receiving LA 120 mg/month plus pegvisomant (60 mg once weekly, adapted every 8 weeks based on IGF1 levels to 40–80 mg once weekly or 40 or 60 mg twice weekly).


In total, 33 (57.9%) patients had normalized IGF1 following coadministration (P<0.0001 versus 30% minimum clinically relevant); median pegvisomant dose in normalized patients was 60 mg/week. IGF1 normalized at any time during coadministration in 45 (78.9%) patients (P<0.0001) with median pegvisomant dose at 60 mg/week. Being nondiabetic (odds ratio (OR): 4.65) and older (OR, upper versus lower quartile: 3.40) showed increased likelihood of normalization. Symptom reduction was greatest for arthralgia (−0.6±1.6) and soft tissue swelling (−0.6±1.8). Five patients reported treatment-emergent adverse events causing treatment withdrawal: three serious (treatment related – thrombocytopenia, urticaria; not treatment related – abdominal pain/vomiting) and two nonserious (hepatotoxicity and cytolytic hepatitis, both elevating alanine aminotransferase to >5×upper limit of normal with normalization after withdrawal).


In patients partially controlled by SSAs, LA (120 mg/month) plus pegvisomant normalized IGF1 in 57.9% of patients after 7 months, at a median effective pegvisomant dose of 60 mg/week, and 78.9% at any time. In these patients, results suggest a pegvisomant-sparing effect versus daily pegvisomant monotherapy.