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Kenichi Furukawa, Mareo Yamoto, Nobuyoshi Kokawa and Ryosuke Nakano

Furukawa K, Yamoto M, Kokawa N, Nakano, R. Purification of high-molecular-weight folliclestimulating hormone binding inhibitor in porcine follicular fluids. Eur J Endocrinol 1994;130:625–33. ISSN 0804–4643

We performed the purification of high-molecular-weight follicle-stimulating hormone binding inhibitor (FSHBI) from porcine follicular fluids. The FSHBI activities of high-molecular-weight fractions acquired by ultrafiltration of follicular fluids from small, medium and large follicles with Centriflo CF25 membrane cone were 277.2 ± 24.6, 176.7 ± 3.0 and 141.3 ± 3.6U, respectively. By affinity chromatography of CF25 retentate with a column of Blue Sepharose CL6B, 94.1 ± 5.3% of FSHBI activity was recovered in the unretained fraction. The FSHBI in the unretained fraction was purified by anion-exchange chromatography with a column of Mono Q and gel filtration on Sephacryl S300HR. As a result of sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of the final purified fraction, a single silver-stained band was observed at 310 kD under the non-reducing conditions. On the other hand, under the reducing conditions, SDS-PAGE revealed three bands at 178, 101 and 55kD. A double reciprocal plot analysis of this substance showed competitive inhibition in FSH binding. The results of the present study suggest the existence of a 310 kD FSHBI composed of three subunits of 178, 101 and 55 kD in porcine follicular fluids.

K Furukawa, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wakayama Medical College, Shichibancho 27, Wakayama 640, Japan

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Nobuyoshi Kokawa, Mareo Yamoto, Kenichi Furukawa and Ryosuke Nakano

We performed partial purification of low molecular weight luteinizing hormone binding inhibitor from porcine follicular fluids and examined its biological activities. Following ultrafiltration, gel filtration and anion exchange of the pooled porcine follicular fluids, low molecular weight fractions (500–10,000 MW) inhibited [125I]hLH binding to porcine granulosa cells in a dose-dependent manner. The binding inhibition kinetics study revealed that the luteinizing hormone binding inhibitor may indicate a non-competitive inhibition with [125I]hLH binding. In vitro bioassay using adult mouse testicular interstitial cells revealed that the partially purified luteinizing hormone binding inhibitor reduced ovine LH-stimulated testosterone and cAMP production in a dose-dependent manner, whereas the luteinizing hormone binding inhibitor did not affect basal production of testosterone and cAMP. The inhibitory activity was heat stable and did not disappear with activated charcoal adsorption. The results of the present study suggest that the luteinizing hormone binding inhibitor may play an important role as an ovarian non-steroidal regulator modulating the receptor binding of LH and LH-mediated steroidogenesis.