Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 11 items for

  • Author: Matthias Nauck x
Clear All Modify Search
Free access

Henry Völzke, Matthias Nauck, Rainer Rettig, Marcus Dörr, Claire Higham, Georg Brabant and Henri Wallaschofski

Context

It is assumed that hepatic steatosis plays a role in the development and progression of the metabolic syndrome and its cardiovascular sequelae. Low serum IGF1 levels might mediate these associations.

Objectives

The aims of this study were i) to investigate the associations of hepatic steatosis with serum IGF1 and IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) levels using ultrasound and serum alanine aminotransaminase (ALT) data to define hepatic steatosis, and ii) to analyze the specific role of alcohol consumption in this context.

Design

We analyzed data from the population-based Study of Health in Pomerania.

Methods

We used data from 3863 subjects (1971 women) aged 20–79 years who had no history of viral hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, or malignant diseases. Liver hyperechogenicity was diagnosed using ultrasound. Serum IGF1 and IGFBP-3 levels were determined by automated two-site chemiluminescence immunoassays.

Results

Hyperechogenic liver pattern was associated with low serum IGF1 levels and low serum IGF1/IGFBP-3 ratios. The lowest serum IGF1 and IGF1/IGFBP-3 values and highest IGFBP-3 levels were present in subjects who had a hyperechogenic liver pattern and increased serum ALT levels. All of these associations were independent of alcohol consumption.

Conclusions

Our data show that hepatic steatosis is associated with low serum IGF1 levels. This association is independent of alcohol consumption.

Free access

Till Ittermann, Rehman M Khattak, Matthias Nauck, Caio M M Cordova and Henry Völzke

Objective

Germany was iodine deficient until the mid-1990s when a nationwide iodine fortification program became effective. It is expected that after a longer period of sufficient iodine supply, median TSH values in the general population will shift to the right. Hence, the previous TSH reference range does not reflect the current TSH distribution in the general population of Germany. Thus, we aimed to establish a new reference range for serum TSH levels.

Design and methods

We used data from the Study of Health in Pomerania TREND, a population-based study including 4420 individuals. The reference population consisted of 1596 individuals without diagnosed thyroid diseases or thyroid-related findings in ultrasound and serum analysis. Serum TSH levels were measured by an immunochemiluminescent procedure on a Siemens Dimension Vista.

Results

The overall reference range for TSH was 0.49 mIU/l (95% CI=0.44; 0.53)–3.29 mIU/l (95% CI=3.08; 3.50). The lower reference limit differed significantly by sex, whereas the upper reference limit showed no significant difference between males and females. Age was significantly associated with the 2.5th TSH percentile in males but not in females, whereas age was significantly associated in males and females for the 97.5th TSH percentile.

Conclusions

We demonstrate a shift toward the right of the TSH reference range in comparison with data from the same study region 10 years earlier, which is likely due to the improved iodine supply of the study region. Our study indicates that TSH reference limits are dependent on past and current iodine supply of populations.

Free access

Marie-Luise Eggert, Henri Wallaschofski, Anne Grotevendt, Matthias Nauck, Henry Völzke, Stefanie Samietz and Nele Friedrich

Background

Previous intervention studies in patients with GH disorders suggested an impact of IGF1 and IGF-binding protein 3 (IGFBP3) on lipid metabolism, whereas population-based studies revealed conflicting results. Therefore, we aimed to assess the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between IGF1 or IGFBP3 serum levels and lipids (total, LDL, or HDL cholesterol and triglycerides) in a large-scale study.

Methods

Data of 2935 subjects (1356 women) from the population-based Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) were used. ANOVA, quantile regression, and logistic regression models adjusted for age, waist circumference, physical activity, and alcohol consumption were performed.

Results

In cross-sectional analyses, we detected that IGF1 and IGFBP3 levels were positively related to total and LDL cholesterol and inversely related to HDL cholesterol in both sexes. Furthermore, IGFBP3 levels showed a positive relationship to triglycerides. In total, IGFBP3 levels were more strongly associated to lipids than IGF1. In longitudinal analysis, we found no influence of baseline IGF1 or IGFBP3 serum concentration on incidentally elevated or reduced lipid levels. However, the positive relationship between IGFBP3 and incidentally elevated triglycerides barely missed statistical significance in women.

Conclusion

The present study showed strong cross-sectional associations between IGF1 or IGFBP3 and lipids, whereas no longitudinal relationships were revealed. Therefore, our findings suggest IGF1 and IGFBP3 as a risk marker rather than a risk factor for alterations in lipid metabolism. Further studies are needed to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the association between the GH/IGF axis and lipid metabolism.

Free access

Robin Haring, Sebastian E Baumeister, Matthias Nauck, Henry Völzke, Brian G Keevil, Georg Brabant and Henri Wallaschofski

Objective

Low total testosterone (TT) serum concentrations in men have been associated with various cardiometabolic risk factors. But given error-prone immunoassays used for TT assessment, upcoming mass spectrometry methods question the validity of these risk associations. Thus, we performed the first comparative study quantifying potential differences in the association of TT with cardiometabolic risk factors between the two methods.

Methods

We used data from 1512 men aged 20–81 years, recruited for the cross-sectional population-based Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP), Germany. TT concentrations were repeatedly measured by chemiluminescent immunoassay (CLIA, Immulite 2500) and liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS). We tested for significant differences between coefficients from CLIA- and LC–MS/MS-based multiple linear regression models associating TT with major cardiometabolic risk factors including adiposity, lipid metabolism, blood pressure, diabetic status, and inflammation.

Results

TT measurements by CLIA and LC–MS/MS yielded a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.84. Only three of the ten tested associations for TT with cardiometabolic risk factor showed significant differences between the two measurement methods: in comparison to LC–MS/MS, CLIA-based TT assessment significantly underestimated risk associations of TT with waist circumference (β: −0.54 vs −0.63), BMI (β: −0.19 vs −0.22), and serum glucose levels (β: −0.006 vs −0.008).

Conclusion

In this comparative study, the CLIA platform showed a reasonable measurement error and yielded comparable risk associations, providing little support to measure TT concentrations in men from the general population exclusively by LC–MS/MS.

Free access

Till Ittermann, Robin Haring, Sybille Sauer, Henri Wallaschofski, Marcus Dörr, Matthias Nauck and Henry Völzke

Objective

Results of cohort studies on the association between decreased serum TSH levels and mortality are conflicting. Some studies demonstrated an increased mortality risk in subjects with decreased serum TSH levels, others did not. Even meta-analyses revealed contradictory results. We undertook the present study to investigate the association between decreased serum TSH levels and mortality in the large population-based Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP).

Design and methods

Data from 3651 individuals from SHIP without known thyroid disorders or thyroid treatment were analyzed. Serum TSH, free triiodothyronine, and free thyroxine levels were determined by immunochemiluminescent procedures. Decreased TSH was defined as serum TSH levels below 0.25 mIU/l. Cox regression was used to associate decreased TSH levels with mortality.

Results

The median duration of follow-up was 8.5 years (30 126 person years). During follow-up, 299 individuals (6.9%) died corresponding to a death rate of 9.92 deaths per 1000 person years. Survival time was shorter in subjects with decreased serum TSH levels compared to euthyroid individuals. After adjustment for age and sex, however, there was no association between decreased serum TSH levels and all-cause mortality (hazard ratio: 0.95; 95% confidence interval: 0.67; 1.36). Likewise, decreased serum TSH levels were neither associated with cardiovascular nor with cancer mortality.

Conclusions

There is no independent association of decreased serum TSH levels with all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality in the adult northeast German population. Although our study has some strengths, we cannot finally conclude on therapeutical implications in individuals with subclinical thyroid diseases.

Free access

Joern Moock, Christin Albrecht, Nele Friedrich, Henry Völzke, Matthias Nauck, Maria Koltowska-Haggström, Thomas Kohlmann and Henri Wallaschofski

Objective

To analyse 12-month response to GH treatment in a single-country cohort of hypopituitary adult patients with GH deficiency (GHD) in regards to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) compared with values from general population sample. Moreover, association between the response in HRQoL and the IGF-1 values in patients and in the background population was investigated.

Design

HRQoL was assessed by quality of life assessment of GH deficiency in adults (QoL-AGHDA) in 651 patients retrieved from the German KIMS (Pfizer International Metabolic Database) before and after 12 months of GH replacement and in a sample drawn from a cross-sectional study in Germany (n=2734). IGF-1 was measured in KIMS patients and in the population-based study with the same assay technique.

Results

In KIMS patients, mean QoL-AGHDA scores before GH replacement were 9.2±6.8 (8.7±6.8) in women (men) and in the general population sample 4.5±5.3 (4.3±5.0) in women (men). Mean differences in QoL-AGHDA scores were statistically significant for all age categories (P<0.05). The mean IGF-1 SDS of KIMS patients before GH replacement was −1.1±1.4 (−0.8±1.4) in women (men). After GH replacement, a significant increase of IGF-1 concentration and a significant decrease of QoL-AGHDA scores near to age- and gender-specific population-based values were observed.

Conclusions

This study confirms an improvement in HRQoL and an increase of IGF-1 SDS in GH-replaced adults, which approximated the values of general population. However, there was no association between IGF-1 values and HRQoL assessment as one of the important treatment outcomes.

Restricted access

Maximilian Eichner, Henri Wallaschofski, Ulf Schminke, Henry Volzke, Marcus Dörr, Stephan B. Felix, Matthias Nauck and Nele Friedrich

Objective: Several studies revealed relations between low or high insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) levels and risk of cardiovascular diseases or mortality whereas the mechanisms behind these associations are still unknown.

Design: The study aimed to explore relations between IGF-I and changes in surrogate markers of cardiovascular disease including carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP).

Methods: Longitudinal data of the population-based cohort Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) were used. IMT was measured by ultrasonography and LVMI was determined based on echocardiography. IGF-I and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) levels were measured by chemiluminescent immunoassays and the IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio was calculated. Mixed linear regression models adjusted for known cardiovascular confounders were performed.

Results: Statistical analyses demonstrated relations between low baseline IGF-I levels [beta for ΔIMT per standard deviation increase -0.044 (standard error 0.012)] or IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio [beta -0.045 (0.012)] and a long-term IMT increase. No associations between IGF-I, IGFBP-3 or IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio and changes in LVMI were detected. With respect to NT-proBNP sex-specific associations with IGF-I were found. In women, higher baseline IGF-I levels [beta for ΔNT-proBNP per standard deviation increase 5.92 (2.2)] or IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio [beta 4.48 (2.2)] were related to an increase in NT-proBNP levels. Among men, U-shaped relations of baseline levels of IGF-I, IGFBP-3 and the IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio with an increase in NT-proBNP were found.

Conclusions: The study detected significant relations between IGF-I and long-term changes in IMT and NT-proBNP but not LVMI. These findings argue for different effects of the IGF-I axis with respect to various cardiovascular entities.

Free access

Klaus Empen, Roberto Lorbeer, Henry Völzke, Daniel M Robinson, Nele Friedrich, Alexander Krebs, Matthias Nauck, Thorsten Reffelmann, Ralf Ewert, Stephan B Felix, Henri Wallaschofski and Marcus Dörr

Objective

IGF1 mediates multiple physiological and pathophysiological responses in the cardiovascular system. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between serum IGF1 as well as IGF-binding protein 3 (IGFBP3) levels and endothelial function measured by flow-mediated dilation (FMD).

Design

Cross-sectional population-based observational study.

Methods

The study population comprised 1482 subjects (736 women) aged 25–85 years from the Study of Health in Pomerania. Serum IGF1 and IGFBP3 levels were determined by chemiluminescence immunoassays. FMD measurements were performed using standardized ultrasound techniques. FMD values below the sex-specific median were considered low.

Results

In males, logistic regression analyses revealed an odds ratio (OR) of 1.27 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.07–1.51; P=0.008) for decreased FMD for each decrement of IGF1 s.d. after adjustment for major cardiovascular confounders. In females, no significant relationship between serum IGF1 and FMD was found (OR 0.88, CI 0.74–1.05; P=0.147). After exclusion of subjects with the current use of antihypertensive medication, these findings were similar (males: OR 1.40, CI 1.12–1.75; P=0.003; females: OR 0.95, CI 0.77–1.16; P=0.595). There was no association between serum IGFBP3 levels and FMD in both sexes.

Conclusions

Low serum IGF1 levels are associated with impaired endothelial function in males. In women, serum IGF1 is not associated with endothelial function.

Free access

Harald Jörn Schneider, Nele Friedrich, Jens Klotsche, Sabine Schipf, Matthias Nauck, Henry Völzke, Caroline Sievers, Lars Pieper, Winfried März, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Günter Karl Stalla and Henri Wallaschofski

Objective

IGF1 is associated with metabolic parameters and involved in glucose metabolism. Low-IGF1 has been implicated in the etiology of glucose intolerance and subjects with pathological causes of either low- or high-IGF1 are at risk of diabetes. We hypothesized that both low- and high-IGF1 levels increase the risk of diabetes and aimed to assess the role of IGF1 in the risk of developing diabetes in a large prospective study.

Design

An analysis of two prospective cohort studies, the DETECT study and SHIP.

Methods

We measured IGF1 levels in 7777 nondiabetic subjects and assessed incident diabetes mellitus during follow-up.

Results

There were 464 cases of incident diabetes during 32 229 person-years (time of follow-up in the DETECT study and SHIP: 4.5 and 5 years respectively). There was no heterogeneity between both studies (P>0.4). The hazard ratios (HRs) of incident diabetes in subjects with IGF1 levels below the 10th or above the 90th age- and sex-specific percentile, compared to subjects with intermediate IGF1 levels, were 1.44 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.07–1.94) and 1.55 (95% CI 1.06–2.06) respectively, after multiple adjustment. After further adjustment for metabolic parameters, the HR for low-IGF1 became insignificant. Analysis of IGF1 quintiles revealed a U-shaped association of IGF1 with risk of diabetes. Results remained similar after exclusion of patients with onset of new diabetes within 1 year or with borderline glucose or HbA1c levels at baseline.

Conclusions

Subjects with low- or high-IGF1 level are at increased risk of developing diabetes.

Free access

Thomas G K Breuer, Bjoern A Menge, Matthias Banasch, Waldemar Uhl, Andrea Tannapfel, Wolfgang E Schmidt, Michael A Nauck and Juris J Meier

Introduction

Hyperproinsulinaemia has been reported in patients with type 2 diabetes. It is unclear whether this is due to an intrinsic defect in β-cell function or secondary to the increased demand on the β-cells. We investigated whether hyperproinsulinaemia is also present in patients with secondary diabetes, and whether proinsulin levels are associated with impaired β-cell area or function.

Patients and methods

Thirty-three patients with and without diabetes secondary to pancreatic diseases were studied prior to pancreatic surgery. Intact and total proinsulin levels were compared with the pancreatic β-cell area and measures of insulin secretion and action.

Results

Fasting concentrations of total and intact proinsulin were similar in patients with normal, impaired (including two cases of impaired fasting glucose) and diabetic glucose tolerance (P=0.58 and P=0.98 respectively). There were no differences in the total proinsulin/insulin or intact proinsulin/insulin ratio between the groups (P=0.23 and P=0.71 respectively). There was a weak inverse association between the total proinsulin/insulin ratio and pancreatic β-cell area (r 2=0.14, P=0.032), whereas the intact proinsulin/insulin ratio and the intact and total proinsulin levels were unrelated to β-cell area. However, a strong inverse relationship between homeostasis model assessment index of β-cell function and both the total and the intact proinsulin/insulin ratio was found (r 2=0.55 and r 2=0.48 respectively). The association of insulin resistance (IR) with intact proinsulin was much weaker than the correlation with fasting insulin.

Conclusions

Hyperproinsulinaemia is associated with defects in insulin secretion rather than a reduction in β-cell area. The weak association between intact proinsulin and IR argues against the usefulness of this parameter in clinical practice.