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  • Author: Masa-aki Hattori x
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Masa-aki Hattori, Kazunori Ozawa and Katsumi Wakabayashi

Abstract. The present study was performed to evaluate the different carbohydrate structure of rat LH isoelectric components related to their intrinsic biological activities. Terminal sialic acid residues were essential to the formation of multiple LH components observed in the isoelectric focussing profile, which was proved by their interaction with Ricinus communis agglutinin-120 following neuraminidase treatment, and the conversion of component F (pI, 10.0) to less alkaline components after incubation with liver Golgi membrane fraction in the presence of CMP-NeuNAc. The affinity studies using lentil lectin indicated that component F was not an asialo form of component A (pI 8.4). The serial removal of sialic acid residues from these components led to increases in the steroidogenic activity, owing to increases in the activation of the receptor-adenylate cyclase system. The enhancement of the steroidogenic activity by desialylation was very great in component A'(pI, 8.0) (751% increase), and decreased with increasing pI. It can be concluded that the different biological potencies of intact LH components are attributable principally to terminal sialic acid residues. However, the peripheral chains of asialo oligosaccharides of less alkaline components (pI, 8.0, 8.4) seem to prevent the maximal cellular responses, since their desialylated forms did not attain the maximum activity.

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Masa-aki Hattori, Kazunori Ozawa and Katsumi Wakabayashi

Abstract. Biosynthesis and secretion of LH were investigated using primary cultures of rat gonadotropes following exposure to swainsonine, an inhibitor of N-linked oligosaccharide processing. The inhibition of terminal glycosylation by swainsonine was assessed by the increase in incorporation of [3H]mannose and the decrease of incorporation of [3H]galactose into the trichloroacetic acid-insoluble and anti-ovine LHβ immunoprecipitable fractions. This inhibitor led to an increase in cellular LH with high affinity for concanavalin A and a decrease of LH with less affinity for the lectin, although the cellular LH was not decreased. The swainsonine-treated cells accumulated highly basic LH (pI, 9.6, 10.0) in a time-dependent manner. Although the treated cells showed a decrease in the responsiveness to hormonal stimulation, there were no differenes in the rate and extent of LH secretion induced by maximal stimulation with 100 nmol/I GnRH between the control and treated cells over 24 h. The accumulation of highly basic LH molecules did not result from a decrease in their secretion, since they were secreted in the presence and absence of GnRH. It is concluded that significant changes in N-linked oligosaccharide structure of LH have no effect upon its secretion.