Arai M, Tsushima T, Isozaki 0, Demura H, Shizume K, Emoto N, Miyakawa M, Nozoe Y, Murakami H, Ohmura E. Effects of transforming growth factor α (TGF-α) on DNA synthesis and thyrotropin-induced iodine metabolism in cultured porcine thyroid cells. Eur J Endocrinol 1995;132:242–8. ISSN 0804–4643
Transforming growth factor α (TGF-α) is a potent mitogen that is similar structurally to epidermal growth factor (EGF). As EGF is a potent growth stimulator and an inhibitor of iodine metabolism in cultured thyroid cells of several species, we studied whether TGF-α has similar effects using porcine thyroid cells in culture. Recombinant human TGF-α dose-dependently stimulated DNA synthesis of thyroid cells, with maximal stimulation (eight- to ninefold above basal) occurring at 2 nmol/l. The potency was approximately 50% that of mouse EGF and correlated with the ability to compete with EGF for receptor binding, suggesting that the action of TGF-α is mediated by interaction with EGF receptors. When thyroid cells were cultured for 3 days with thyrotropin (TSH) in the presence of TGF-α, TSH-induced iodide uptake was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner. The potency of TGF-α again was approximately 50% that of EGF. Transforming growth factor α did not inhibit TSH-stimulated cAMP production. Moreover, iodide uptake stimulated by either forskolin or 8-bromo-cAMP also was inhibited by TGF-α. Thus, we conclude that TGF-α inhibits TSH-induced iodine metabolism largely by acting at the steps distal to cAMP production. Northern blot analysis revealed expression of TGF-α mRNA in porcine thyroid cells. These observations suggest that TGF-α acts as an autocrine modulator of growth and differentiated functions in porcine thyroid cells.
T Tsushima, Department of Medicine 2, Tokyo Women's Medical College, Kawadacho 8–1, Shinjukuku, Tokyo 162, Japan