Two Swedish brothers, 2.5 and 4 years of age, were found to fulfil all the clinical and laboratory characteristics of Laron's syndrome. They were shown to have unique missense mutations in the GH receptor gene. Both of their parents were of normal height, but they both separately carried one of the identified gene alterations. A molecular model of the first receptor alteration suggests that a collapse in three-dimensional receptor structure most likely contributed to the GH insensitivity in these patients.
B Enberg, H Luthman, K Segnestam, EM Ritzen, M Sundstrom and G Norstedt
L Andreen, M Bixo, S Nyberg, I Sundstrom-Poromaa and T Backstrom
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the effect on mood and the physical symptoms of two dosages of natural progesterone and a placebo in postmenopausal women with and without a history of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). DESIGN: A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover study was performed. METHOD: Postmenopausal women (n=36) with climacteric symptoms were recruited. They received 2 mg estradiol continuously during three 28-day cycles. Vaginal progesterone suppositories with 800 mg/day, 400 mg/day, or placebo were added sequentially for 14 days per cycle. Daily symptom ratings using a validated rating scale were kept. RESULTS: Women without a history of PMS showed cyclicity in both negative mood and physical symptoms while on 400 mg/day progesterone but not on the higher dose or the placebo. Women without a history of PMS had more physical symptoms on progesterone treatment compared with placebo. Women with prior PMS reported no progesterone-induced symptom cyclicity. CONCLUSION: In women without prior PMS natural progesterone caused negative mood effects similar to those induced by synthetic progestogens.