BACKGROUND: The obese are usually protected against osteoporosis and have increased bone mineral density and plasma leptin concentrations. A recent in vitro study demonstrated that leptin acts on human marrow stromal cells to enhance differentiation to osteoblasts, suggesting an influence of leptin on bone mass. However, little is known about the relationship between plasma leptin and bone mass in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate plasma leptin concentrations in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis to improve the understanding of the role of leptin in determining bone mass. METHODS: Fifty postmenopausal women with osteoporosis (ages 61.18+/-6.51 years; body mass index (BMI) 28. 91+/-3.44kg/m(2), mean+/-s.d.) and 30 age- and BMI-matched healthy postmenopausal women were included in the study. Bone mineral densities (BMD) were measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Plasma leptin concentrations were determined using an immunoradiometric assay. RESULTS: The median spine BMD value in the patient group (0.695+/-8.26g/cm(2), median+/-s.e.m.) was significantly lower than that in the control group (1.006+/-1. 29g/cm(2), median+/-s.e.m.; z=-7.454, P<0.001). The median plasma leptin concentration in the patient group (18.70+/-1.78ng/ml, median+/-s.e.m.) was not significantly different from that in the control group (22.35+/-2.20ng/ml, median+/-s.e.m.; z=-1.630, P=0. 103). Plasma leptin concentrations were correlated with BMI in both groups (r(s)=0.394, P=0.031 in controls and r(s)=0.404, P=0.004 in the patient group). There was no correlation between plasma leptin concentrations and BMD values in controls (r(s)=-0.107, P=0.575) but a weak correlation was observed in the patient group (r(s)=0.285, P=0.045). CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that circulating plasma leptin does not have a significant direct influence on bone mass in postmenopausal women.
E Odabasi, M Ozata, M Turan, N Bingol, A Yonem, B Cakir, M Kutlu and IC Ozdemir
A Sonmez, C Haymana, E Bolu, A Aydogdu, S Tapan, M Serdar, B Altun, C Barcin, A Taslipinar, C Meric, G Uckaya and M Kutlu
The relationship between metabolic syndrome (MS) and hypogonadism has always been investigated in study groups confounded with aging, obesity or chronic metabolic disorders. So far, there has been no data about the presence of MS in young hypogonadal patients. Also, there is controversial data about the metabolic effects of testosterone replacement therapy. We investigated the frequency of MS in treatment-naïve, young men with congenital hypogonadal hypogonadism (CHH). We also searched for the effect of testosterone replacement on the metabolic profiles of this specific patient group.
A total of 332 patients (age 21.68±2.09 years) were enrolled. The control group included 395 age- and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy young men (age 21.39±1.49 years). Standard regimen of testosterone esters (250 mg/3 weeks) was given to 208 patients.
MS was more prevalent in CHH (P<0.001) according to healthy controls. The patients had higher arterial blood pressure, waist circumference (WC), triglyceride (P<0.001 for all), fasting glucose (P=0.02), fasting insulin (P=0.004), homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (P=0.002) and lower high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (P<0.001) levels. After 5.63±2.6 months of testosterone treatment, the BMI, WC (P<0.001 for both), systolic blood pressure (P=0.002) and triglyceride level (P=0.04) were increased and the total and HDL cholesterol levels were decreased (P=0.02 and P<0.001 respectively).
This study shows increased prevalence of MS and unfavorable effects of testosterone replacement in young patients with CHH. Long-term follow-up studies are warranted to investigate the cardiovascular safety of testosterone treatment in this specific population.