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Open access

Fabrice Bonneville, Louis-David Rivière, Stephan Petersenn, Js Bevan, Aude Houchard, Caroline Sert and Philippe Jean Caron

Objective

Pituitary adenoma MRI T2 signal intensity associates with tumor characteristics including responsiveness to somatostatin analogs (SSAs). These analyses determined whether baseline T2 signal intensity predicts response to primary medical treatment with long-acting SSA.

Design

Post-hoc analyses of the prospective multicenter, open-label, single-arm PRIMARYS study in which patients with treatment-naïve GH-secreting pituitary macroadenomas received fixed-dose lanreotide autogel (120mg) every 4-weeks for 48-weeks.

Methods

Associations were investigated between adenoma T2-signal hypo/iso/hyperintensity and treatment responses at week 48/last visit: hormonal control (GH ≤2.5μg/L and IGF-1 normalization); tumor response (tumor volume reduction [TVR] ≥20%); separate GH/IGF-1 control; and change-from-baseline in GH/IGF-1 and tumor volume.

Results

Adenomas were hypointense at baseline in 50/85 (59%) patients using visual assessment. Of these, 40% achieved hormonal control and 76% achieved a tumor response. Significant univariate associations arose for hypo- vs isointensity with tumor response and achievement of GH ≤2.5 μg/L, but not IGF-1 normalization or overall hormonal control. In multivariate analysis, tumor response was 6-times more likely for hypo- vs isointense tumors (=6.15; 95% CI [1.36;27.88]). In univariate change-from-baseline analyses, hypo- vs isointensity was associated with greater TVR and IGF-1 reduction but not change in GH. In multivariate analysis, IGF-1 decreased by an estimated additional 65 μg/L [P=0.0026]) for hypo- vs isointense.

Conclusions

Patients with hypointense vs isointense GH-secreting macroadenomas had greater reductions in IGF-1 following primary treatment with lanreotide autogel, and were more likely to achieve tumor response. Assessment of T2 signal intensity at baseline may help to predict long-term responses to primary treatment with SSAs.

Free access

SG Ashwell, JS Bevan, OM Edwards, MM Harris, C Holmes, MA Middleton and RA James

OBJECTIVE: Lanreotide Autogel is a sustained-release aqueous gel formulation supplied in a prefilled syringe, with injection volume <0.5 ml. The aim of this study was to establish the efficacy and safety of Autogel in patients with acromegaly previously treated with octreotide LAR. DESIGN: A 28-week, open, multicentre study. PATIENTS: Twelve patients with acromegaly, treated with 20 mg octreotide LAR for >4 months, with serum GH levels <10.0 mU/l. METHODS: Autogel (90 mg) was given every 28 days during weeks 0-12. At week 16 the dose was titrated based on GH levels at weeks 8 and 12. If GH levels were <2.0, 2.0-5.0, or >5.0 mU/l, Autogel was reduced to 60 mg, maintained at 90 mg, or increased to 120 mg respectively, for the next three injections. GH and IGF-I levels were reassessed at weeks 24 and 28. RESULTS: Ten patients completed the study. Five remained on 90 mg Autogel throughout the study; in two patients the dose was reduced to 60 mg from week 16; in three patients it was increased to 120 mg. Mean GH levels were: baseline, 3.0+/-1.7 mU/l; week 12, 3.5+/-1.8 mU/l; week 28, 3.3+/-1.6 mU/l (NS). Mean IGF-I levels were: baseline, 212+/-70 microg/l; week 12, 185+/-91 microg/l; week 28: 154+/-61 microg/l (P=0.027). Six patients at baseline and eight at week 28 had normalised GH and IGF-I levels. Three patients reported adverse events: musculoskeletal pain (n=2) and injection-site symptoms (n=1). CONCLUSIONS: Lanreotide Autogel is effective and well tolerated in patients with acromegaly. This study in a small group of patients with well-controlled acromegaly suggests that the majority of patients switched from 20 mg LAR to 90 mg Autogel will have equivalent or better disease control.