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Jacques Allouche, Antoine Bennet, Pierre Barbe, Monique Plantavid, Philippe Caron and Jean-Pierre Louvet

Abstract.

LH nocturnal pulsatility and bioactivity to immunoreactivity (B/I) ratio were determined in 16 patients with anorexia nervosa-related hypothalamic amenorrhea and low sex steroid levels, and in 12 normal women in the midfollicular phase. The patients were subdivided into 2 groups: IA (N=7) without, and IB (N=9) with documented recent weight gain. Blood samples were taken from each subject at 10-min intervals from 00.00 to 06.00 h. Immunoreactive LH data were analysed with cluster analysis algorithm. A pool of aliquots from all the samples was used to evaluate bioactive LH, immunoreactive LH and LH B/I ratio in each subject. LH pulse frequency was lower in Group IA than in controls, whereas it did not differ significantly between Group IB and controls. LH pulse amplitude was lower in Group IA, and higher in Group IB than in controls. LH B/I ratio was below the control range in 3/16 patients. In conclusion, persistent hypothalamic amenorrhea does not require a permanent inhibition of the GnRH pulse generator; transient inhibition of pulsatility and qualitative abnormalities of gonadotropins could be involved in the mechanism, at least in some patients.

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Philippe J Caron, Antoine P Bennet, Monique M Plantavid and Jean-Pierre Louvet

Caron PJ, Bennet AP, Plantavid MM, Louvet J-P. Luteinizing hormone secretory pattern before and after removal of Leydig cell tumor of the testis. Eur J Endocrinol 1994;131:156–9. ISSN 0804–4643

We studied the luteinizing hormone (LH) secretory pattern in three patients, aged 30, 23 and 43 years, with gynecomastia due to Leydig cell tumor of the testis, before and 6 months after unilateral orchidectomy. The results were compared to those of 11 normal fertile controls aged 20–35 years. Blood sampling was done at 20-min intervals from 22.00 h to 10.00 h. The LH data were analyzed with the Cluster analysis algorithm with "optimal parameters for LH male data" to determine the pulse interval and pulse amplitude. The Expfit program was applied to LH pulses to calculate the apparent half-life of immunoreactive LH. Before surgery, when compared to controls, the patients had a low to normal testosterone/estradiol ratio (0.053, 0.110, 0.046 vs 0.148 ± 0.038) and mean LH levels (1.96, 3.7, 2.55 vs 4.0 ± 1.9 IU/l), decreased pulse amplitude (2.65, 3.01, 2.21 vs 3.31 ± 1.41 IU/l) and reduced apparent half-life of LH (74, 69, 78 vs 97 ± 16 min). After removal of the Leydig cell tumor, the testosterone/estradiol ratio returned to the normal range (0.141, 0.177, 0.093) while an increase in mean LH levels (5.75, 7.90, 4.88 IU/l), LH pulse amplitude (3.07, 6.05, 2.86 IU/l) and apparent half-life of LH (138, 106, 104 min) was observed in all three patients. Our data indicate that endogenous hyperestrogenism in patients with Leydig cell tumor of the testis results in an inhibition of LH secretion, and suggests that such inhibition could result from a reduction in pulse amplitude and apparent half-life.

Philippe Caron, Service d'Endocrinologie et Maladies métaboliques, CHU Rangueil, 1 Avenue J Poulhes, 31054 Toulouse Cedex, France

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Sonia C Dumoulin, Isabelle de Glisezinski, Françoise Saint-Martin, Sylvie I Jamrozik, Pierre Barbe, Jean-Paul Thouvenot, Monique M Plantavid, Antoine P Bennet and Jean-Pierre Louvet

Dumoulin SC, de Glisezinski I, Saint-Martin F, Jamrozik SI, Barbe P, Thouvenot J-P, Plantavid MM. Bennet AP, Louvet J-P Hormonal changes related to eating behavior in oligomenorrheic women. Eur J Endocrinol 1996;135:328–34. ISSN 0804–4643

The aim of this study was to determine those hormonal alterations in the gonadotropin-ovarian axis that are related to eating behavior in oligomenorrheic patients. We studied 74 oligomenorrheic women aged 26.2 ± 0.8 years, divided into group IA (N = 13) with eating disorders, group IB (N = 61) without eating disorders and 18 normally cycling controls aged 29.2 ± 1.6 years (group II). No subject had ovarian failure, pituitary disease, thyroid dysfunction or was taking any drug. Blood samples were taken on days 3–6 after the last menses. Luteinizing hormone (LH) was measured in two plasma pools, each made up of three samples taken at 30-min intervals, starting at 15.00 h (LH-1 5 h) and 09.00 h (LH-9 h), which allowed the mean LH (mLH) and variability in LH (V-LH: percentage increase from the lower to the higher of the two LH values) to be calculated. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), sex steroids, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone-stimulated LH (sLH) and -FSH (sFSH) were also evaluated. Eating behavior was evaluated with the EAT questionnaire; the EAT 26 score, the dieting score (DS) and bulimia score (BS) were calculated. Dietary intake was evaluated in 35 group IB patients based on food diaries analyzed with the REGAL program, to evaluate daily calorie intake (Cal) and calories provided by carbohydrates (Carb), lipids (Lip) and proteins (Prot). Comparisons between groups were done by analysis of variance (followed by the Fisher PLSD test) and the KruskalWallis test. Groups IA. IB and II did not differ regarding age, body mass index, LH-9 h, LH-15 h, mLH, FSH, sLH, sFSH, estradiol or dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate; group IA had a higher V-LH than group II (p < 0.02) and a higher testosterone level than groups IB and II (p < 0.05). Positive correlations were found between V-LH and DS (p < 0.01) and BS (p < 0.05), and between testosterone and BS (p < 0.02) and DS (p < 0.05). The V-LH was negatively correlated with Cal and Carb, and testosterone was positively correlated with Cal and Lip. In patients referred for oligomenorrhea, it is concluded that testosterone levels and variability of LH levels are related to eating behavior.

Antoine P Bennet, Service d'Endocrinologie, Hôpital Purpan, Place du Dr Baylac, 31059 Toulouse-Cedex, France