Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for

  • Author: Ida Kinalska x
Clear All Modify Search
Free access

Irina Kowalska, Marek Strączkowski, Agnieszka Nikolajuk, Agnieszka Krukowska, Ida Kinalska and Maria Górska

Objective: There is growing evidence that adiponectin function is related to the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. Insulin resistance might be present even in lean subjects with a strong family history of type 2 diabetes. The aim of the study was to look for adiponectin’s role in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance in offspring of type 2 diabetic patients, and its relation to the activity of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α system.

Research design and methods: The study was carried out in 23 lean offspring of type 2 diabetic subjects and in 23 controls matched for age, sex and body mass index. The oral glucose tolerance test for glucose and insulin estimations and hyperinsulinemic, euglycemic clamp studies were performed in all patients. The plasma concentration of adiponectin, TNF-α, soluble TNF receptors 1 and 2 (sTNFR1, sTNFR2), HbA1c, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and triglycerides were estimated.

Results: The insulin sensitivity index, normalized for fat-free mass (Mffm) and adiponectin concentrations were markedly decreased in offspring of type 2 diabetic subjects compared with the control group (P = 0.0046 and P = 0.00 058 respectively). TNF-α and sTNFR1 concentrations did not differ between the studied groups; however the concentration of sTNFR2 was markedly increased in the offspring of type 2 diabetic patients (P = 0.0002). Adiponectin concentration was positively correlated to the insulin sensitivity index (r = 0.34; P = 0.020) and to HDL-cholesterol (r = 0.29, P = 0.047) and was inversely related to sTNFR2 (r = −0.33, P = 0.027).

Conclusions: The obtained results suggest that adiponectin could play a role in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance in lean offspring of type 2 diabetic subjects.

Free access

José Manuel Fernández-Real, Marek Straczkowski, Begoña Lainez, Matilde R Chacón, Irina Kowalska, Abel López-Bermejo, Antonio García-España, Agnieszka Nikolajuk, Ida Kinalska and Wifredo Ricart

Objective: Serum concentrations of soluble tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) receptor 2 (sTNFR2) are associated with insulin resistance. In a recent study, we provided evidence for the existence of a biologically active form of sTNFR2 produced by alternative splicing (DS-TNFR2). We aimed to evaluate whether this circulating DS-TNFR2 is associated with insulin action in humans.

Design and methods: Real time PCR (light cycler technology) evaluated DS-TNFR2 expression in monocytes. DS-TNFR2 was measured using a monoclonal antibody against an epitope present in TNFR2 (first 14 residues of the juxtamembrane region) but predicted to be absent in soluble proteolytic cleavage-produced TNFR2. Insulin sensitivity was measured using euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp (n = 76) and homeostatic model of assessment (HOMA) value in a replication study of 223 subjects.

Results: Real time PCR confirmed gene expression of DS-TNFR2 in monocytes from healthy subjects. A significant and positive association was found between serum DS-TNFR2 concentration and insulin sensitivity (P = 0.032, n = 76). This association was most significant in subjects with normal glucose tolerance (r = 0.44, P = 0.002). The subjects in whom DS-TNFR2 was detectable were more insulin sensitive than those with undetectable DS-TNFR2 (42.12±22.08 vs 31.71± 16.95 μmol × kg−1 × min−1, P = 0.039). DS-TNFR2 was inversely associated with body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, fasting serum glucose, serum triglycerides and serum uric acid concentration and with the HOMA value (P = 0.03) in the replication study. Circulating DS-TNFR2 declined with increased number of components of the metabolic syndrome.

Conclusion: Native sTNFR2 and DS-TNFR2 show opposite associations with insulin action. DS-TNFR2 might play a role as a counterpart of the proinflammatory environment associated with insulin resistance.