Cure rate for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is reported to be 94–100% 1 year after surgery, but recent data suggest recurrence in 4% of the patients 1–5 years post-operatively. The aim of our study was to establish the cure rate and its maintenance in the long-term after parathyroidectomy (PTx) in patients with sporadic PHPT.
Evaluation of recurrence in patients with sporadic hyperparathyroidism who underwent PTx 1–24 years prior to the study.
Patients and methods
We identified 111 patients who underwent initial PTx between 1984 and 2008, and had no MEN-1, MEN-2, or CaR mutation; parathyroid carcinoma; a history of lithium use; or renal failure. Thirty-eight patients were lost to follow-up or were unwilling or unable to participate in the study. Cure was defined as maintenance of normal serum calcium and parathyroid hormone concentrations 6 months after PTx.
Cure was achieved in 68 of 73 patients studied (93%) and was sustained in all for 6±5 years.
The cure rate of sporadic PHPT after initial surgery is 93%. When cure is achieved, this is sustained in 100% of the patients for up to 24 years post-operatively. Our data suggest that closer early follow-up is advocated in all patients undergoing PTx to definitively establish cure and to provide a safety net for those with residual gland pathology. The data do not support the need for long-term follow-up when cure is established 6 months after PTx.