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H Saitoh, T Kamoda, S Nakahara, T Hirano and A Matsui

OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to examine the association of a glucose-stimulated insulin response with the fasting insulin-like growth factor-binding protein (IGFBP)-1 concentration in prepubertal obese children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The fasting levels of serum insulin and IGFBP-1 were measured in 17 obese and 16 control children. Furthermore, we performed an oral glucose tolerance test in obese children and examined the association of the area under the curve (AUC) for insulin with the fasting IGFBP-1 level. RESULTS: The mean serum level of IGFBP-1 was significantly lower in obese children (41.0 +/- 4.8 micrograms/l. P < 0.005) than in controls (91.2 +/- 9.9 micrograms/l). Although there was an inverse relationship between the fasting levels of serum insulin and IGFBP-1 in all subjects (r = -0.42, P < 0.05), no significant correlation between these two parameters was observed in the obese group alone. In obese children, the fasting IGFBP-1 level correlated inversely with AUC-insulin (r = -0.70, P < 0.005), whereas there was no significant relationship between the fasting insulin level and AUC-insulin. CONCLUSION: The present study suggests that the serum level of IGFBP-1 may be an early predictor of insulin resistance in prepubertal obesity.

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T Kamoda, H Saitoh, S Nakahara, M Inudoh, T Hirano and A Matsui

OBJECTIVE: We measured the total and nonphosphorylated insulin-like growth factor-binding protein (IGFBP)-1 concentrations in obese children to determine the effect of obesity on the status of IGFBP-1 phosphorylation. We also measured the serum levels of insulin, total and free IGF-I, and IGFBP-3 to investigate their relationships to the IGFBP-1 phosphorylation status in obese subjects. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Nineteen prepubertal obese and 15 age-matched control children were included in the study. The serum levels of total and nonphosphorylated IGFBP-1 were determined by noncompetitive RIAs. RESULTS: The serum levels of total and nonphosphorylated IGFBP-1 were significantly lower in the obese group (48.7+/-5.6 microgram/l, P<0.001 and 11.1+/-1.9 microgram/l, P<0.01 respectively) than in the controls (86.7+/-9.0 microgram/l and 28.8+/-6.2 microgram/l respectively). However, the ratio of nonphosphorylated IGFBP-1 to total IGFBP-1 did not differ significantly between the obese and control groups. The circulating free IGF-I level was significantly higher in the obese children than in the controls (P<0.05), while the serum levels of insulin, total IGF-I and IGFBP-3 were not significantly different between the two groups. A stepwise regression analysis of the combined group revealed that only the total IGFBP-1 level was an independent predictor of the free IGF-I concentration (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: The present study shows that both total and nonphosphorylated IGFBP-1 concentrations are decreased in obese children and the increased free IGF-I level in obese children is related to the reduced total IGFBP-1 level, but unrelated to the change in the IGFBP-1 phosphorylation status.