Male guinea pigs were simultaneously treated with cortisone and oestradiol-dipropionate. Observations were made on the nuclear volumes of the cells of the zona fasciculata of the adrenal cortex, the urinary 17-hydroxycorticoids and the haemorrhagic necrosis after intoxication with diphtheria-toxin.
The comparatively long restitution phase of the adrenals following the long-term pretreatment with cortisone only may be considerably reduced by application of oestradioldipropionate, which is shown by the following results: the nuclear volumes of fasciculata cells of the adrenal cortex stay normal or show higher values after termination of the pretreatment. Haemorrhagic necrosis in the adrenal cortex after intoxication with diphtheria-toxin is observed on the 2nd day after long-term pretreatment with cortisone and oestradioldipropionate. In animals treated with cortisone only this tissue lesion is observed at first on the 8th day after termination of the pretreatment. The excretion of 17-hydroxycorticoids does not correspond with this accelerated reaction of the adrenal cortex.