Abstract. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the restoring effect of testosterone on hypothalamic GnRH stores in orchidectomzied rats might be linked to the intrahypothalamic transformation of the hormone into estrogenic metabolites. To this purpose, advantage has been taken of the availability of the potent antiestrogen, tamoxifen (TMX). Different groups of adult male rats castrated since 4 weeks were submitted to a 6-day treatment with testosterone propionate (TP, 2 mg/rat daily); TMX (50 or 200 μg/rat daily); or TP (2 mg/rat daily) plus TMX (50 or 200 μg/rat daily). The animals were sacrificed 24 h after the last injection, and hypothalamic GnRH content was measured by radioimmunoassay. The results have confirmed the ability of TP to counteract the decreasing effect of orchidectomy on hypothalamic GnRH stores, and have shown that TMX does not have any intrinsic activity on this parameter. Furthermore, TMX at either dose used in the present experiments, was found not to be able to abolish the restoring effect of TP on MBH-GnRH stores. It is concluded that the action of testosterone on hypothalamic GnRH does not require the conversion of the hormone into estrogens.
E. Messi, M. Zanisi, F. Celotti and M. Motta
F. Celotti, N. Avogadri, R. C. Melcangi, S. Milani and P. Negri-Cesi
Abstract. The oestrogenic activity of cyclophenil, a non-steroidal compound which has structural analogies with both stilbene and triphenylethylene, has been reevaluated utilizing both central and peripheral parameters. The central parameters considered were LH, FSH, prolactin secretion and two enzymatic systems known to be oestrogen-sensitive: hypophyseal 5α-reductase and hypothalamic aromatase. The uterine growth test was used to determine oestrogenic peripheral activity.
The compound was administered at various doses in comparison with oestradiol benzoate (EB) to long-term castrated female rats.
Cyclophenil has an activity 1/8110 times that of EB on uterine growth, and 1/1660 and 1/550 times that of EB in inhibiting LH and FSH. respectively. The hypophyseal 5α-reductase(expressed as DHT formation) was inhibited 1710 times less by cyclophenil than by EB. The other parameters considered were unsuitable to provide a statistically reliable estimate of the potency ratios between the two compounds.
The data show that cyclophenil is an oestrogenic compound with peculiar characteristics. This substance is more effective in expressing its oestrogenic activity in central structures than in the peripheral ones.
P. Negri-Cesi, F. Celotti, R. C. Melcangi, M. Zanisi and M. Motta
Abstract. The aim of the present experiments was to analyze whether the inhibitory effect exerted by testosterone on FSH release might be mediated by the intracerebral transformation of the hormone into oestrogenic metabolites. Advantage has been taken of the availability of the potent antioestrogen tamoxifen. Two series of experiments have been performed. In the first one, adult male rats have been castrated and submitted, beginning immediately after surgery, to a 6-day treatment with testosterone propionate (2 mg/rat/day), tamoxifen (50 or 200 μg/rat/day) or testosterone propionate (2 mg/rat/day) plus tamoxifen (either 50 or 200 μg/rat/day). In the second experiment, adult male rats have been castrated and submitted to the same 6-day treatments, beginning 4 weeks following orchidectomy. In both experiments, the animals were killed 24 h after the last injection, and serum levels of FSH and LH have been measured by radioimmunoassays. The results have clearly shown that, in both experiments, the administration of testosterone results in a significant decrease of serum FSH and in a total suppression of LH release. The administration of tamoxifen, in either dose, does not modify the elevated serum FSH and LH levels present in the orchidetomized animals, and does not antagonize the inhibitory effect on FSH and LH secretion exerted by the concomitant treatment with testosterone propionate. It is concluded that testosterone inhibits FSH secretion in orchidectomized rats acting as such, and not following aromatization to oestrogens.