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Eva Jennische

Abstract.

The immunohistochemical expression of insulin-like growth factor I and the transferrin receptor was investigated in regenerating rat skeletal muscle. Muscle injury was induced in the extensor digitorum longus muscle in one hind limb by tourniquet ischemia. The regenerating muscles were investigated 3 to 7 days after the injury. Expression of IGF-I and the transferrin receptor was demonstrated in cryostat sections by a doublestaining method. It was found that both markers were transiently expressed by the regenerating muscle cells. Expression of IGF-I immunoreactivity preceded that of the transferrin receptor and the staining for IGF-I disappeared 1 to 2 days before the staining for the transferrin receptor. The data are compatible with a regulatory role of IGF-I on the transferrin receptor.

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Eva Jennische and Göran L. Andersson

Abstract.

Expression of growth hormone receptor mRNA was investigated by in situ hybridization in skeletal muscle from normal and hypophysectomized rats during the first seven days of regeneration after ischemic injury. A digoxigenin-labelled RNA probe directed against the extracellular part of the rat GH receptor was used. In both normal and hypophysectomized rats distinct expression of GH receptor mRNA could be demonstrated in the regenerating muscle cells at the myoblast/myotube stage. The GH receptor expression appeared to decline with increasing maturation of the regenerated muscle fibres. In hypophysectomized rats, the regeneration process and the expression of GH receptor mRNA was delayed compared with that in normal animals. It is concluded that growth hormone may affect also the early phase of muscle regeneration in normal animals. To what extent lack of growth hormone contributes to the delayed regeneration observed in the hypophysectomized rats remains to be elucidated.

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Göran L. Andersson, Anna Skottner and Eva Jennische

Abstract. The localization of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I, somatomedin C) was investigated in the kidney of adult rats during normal conditions and after nephrectomy, using immunocytochemical and biochemical methods. In the normal kidney, IGF-I immunoreactivity could be demonstrated mainly in cells in the medullary collecting ducts and in those parts of the thin limb of Henle's loop located in the outer medulla. During compensatory growth all parts of the collecting ducts, including those in the cortex, showed IGF-I immunoreactivity, as did cells in the entire thin limb of Henle's loop. No IGF-I immunoreactivity could be demonstrated in the proximal or distal tubules, either in the control kidney or during compensatory growth. Biochemical measurements showed a significantly higher content of IGF-I in the inner medulla than in the cortex in the normal kidney. Uninephrectomy resulted in significantly increased IGF-I content in the cortex. It is suggested that IGF-I is produced mainly in the collecting ducts and in the thin limb of Henle's loop and exerts its effect on other parts of the nephron by paracrine mechanisms.