We conducted a prospective phase II clinical trial to determine the efficacy of sorafenib in patients with advanced radio-iodine refractory differentiated thyroid cancer. In this article, the long-term results are presented.
Patients and methods
Thirty-one patients with progressive metastatic or locally advanced radioactive iodine refractory differentiated thyroid cancer received sorafenib 400 mg orally twice daily. The study end points included response rate, progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), best response by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors criteria 1.0, and toxicity.
Median PFS was 18 months (95% confidence interval (95% CI): 7–29 months) and median OS was 34.5 months (95% CI: 19–50 months). Eight patients (31%) achieved a partial response and 11 patients (42%) showed stable disease after a median follow-up of 25 months (range 3.5–39 months). Toxicity mostly included hand foot syndrome, weight loss, diarrhea, and rash.
Sorafenib has clinically relevant antitumor activity in patients with progressive metastatic or locally advanced radio-iodine refractory differentiated thyroid cancer. Sorafenib can nowadays be considered as the standard option in these patients.