LB03002 is a novel, sustained-release recombinant human GH, developed for once-a-week s.c. injection. To evaluate the suitability for long-term GH replacement therapy in children with GH deficiency (GHD), the present study assessed the pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) profiles of LB03002 at three doses.
Study design and patients
The randomised, comparator-controlled, assessor-blinded, phase II study assessed 37 (24 boys, 13 girls) pre-pubertal, GH-naïve children with GHD, in 11 European centres, for PK and PD analyses. GH, IGF1 and IGFBP3 concentrations were measured following the last daily GH dose and the first and 13th once-a-week administration of LB03002 at doses of 0.2, 0.5 or 0.7 mg/kg.
GH Cmax values after the three doses of LB03002 were increased up to fourfold, with a clear dose proportionality. For each LB03002 dose, GH area under the concentration versus time curve did not increase from the first to 13th (month 3) administration, indicating no accumulation of circulating GH. IGF1 Cmax showed a progressive increase during LB03002 administration. Conversely, IGFBP3 showed a rapid increase in Cmax. IGF1 SDS were fully normalised after 3 months of treatment, whereas IGFBP3 SDS were already in the normal range for all the three LB03002 dosages after 1 week.
At the doses used, LB03002 has a suitable profile for long-term treatment to promote growth in children with GHD. The quantitative changes in IGF1 and IGFBP3 indicate adequate stimulation of the IGF system by LB03002 and the pattern of increase is comparable with that seen in GHD children in a standard IGF1 generation test using daily GH.