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Décio L Eizirik, Anna Skottner and Claes Hellerström

Eizirik DL, Skottner A, Hellerström C. Insulin-like growth factor I does not inhibit insulin secretion in adult human pancreatic islets in tissue culture. Eur J Endocrinol 1995;133:248–50. ISSN 0804–4643

Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) has been found to increase insulin sensitivity and suppress insulin secretion, thereby having a potential interest as a therapeutic agent for non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). The aim of the present study was to investigate the direct actions of IGF-I (400 ng/ml) on human pancreatic islets, or on rat pancreatic islets, during a 48 h period in tissue culture. Insulin-like growth factor I did not affect medium insulin accumulation, DNA or insulin content or short-term glucose-induced insulin release of human islets. However, in rat islets the peptide induced a significant decrease in the insulin increase ratio in response to 16.7 mmol/l glucose. In conclusion, the present data suggest that IGF-I does not directly affect the function of human pancreatic β-cells If this in vitro data can be extrapolated to the in vivo situation, it suggests that the observed inhibitory effects of IGF-I on serum insulin levels may be secondary to peripheral effects of the peptide.

Décio L Eizirik, Department of Medical Cell Biology, Biomedicum, PO Box 571, S-751 23 Uppsala, Sweden