Osteopontin (OPN) is a multi-functional secreted glycoprotein that plays a crucial role in glucose metabolism and inflammatory process. Growing evidence suggests that there is a link between OPN and ovarian function. However, no such link has yet been found for OPN in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Our aim was to ascertain whether circulating OPN levels are altered in women with PCOS and to determine whether OPN levels differ between the follicular phase and mid-cycle of the menstrual cycle in eumenorrheic women.
Design and methods
In total, 150 women with PCOS and 150 age- and BMI-matched controls without PCOS were recruited for this prospective observational study. OPN levels were measured using ELISA. Metabolic parameters were also determined.
Circulating OPN levels were significantly elevated in PCOS women compared with controls (69.12±31.59 ng/ml vs 42.66±21.28 ng/ml; P<0.001). OPN levels were significantly higher at mid-cycle than in the follicular phase in eumenorrheic women. OPN was positively correlated with BMI, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), free testosterone, and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). Multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that the odds ratio (OR) for PCOS was 3.64 for patients in the highest quartile of OPN compared with those in the lowest quartile (OR=3.64; 95% CI=2.42–5.57; P=0.011). Our findings indicate that BMI, HOMA-IR, hs-CRP, and free testosterone are independent factors influencing serum OPN levels and that OPN is an independent predictor for HOMA-IR.
PCOS is associated with increased OPN levels.