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Akiyo Tanabe, Mitsuhide Naruse, Taro Wasada, Kiyoko Naruse, Takanobu Yoshimoto, Yasue Omori and Hiroshi Demura

Tanabe A, Naruse M. Wasada T, Naruse K, Yoshimoto T, Omori Y, Demura H. Effects of acute hyperinsulinemia on plasma atrial and brain natriuretic peptide concentrations. Eur J Endocrinol 1995;132:693–8. ISSN 0804–4643

Impaired renal sodium excretion and increased plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels have been reported in patients with hypertension associated with insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia. To clarify the interrelationship between hyperinsulinemia and plasma natriuretic peptides, we investigated the effects of physiological and non-physiological hyperinsulinemia on the plasma ANP and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. Plasma immunoreactive insulin (IRI), ANP and BNP levels were determined by a euglycemic–hyperinsulinemic glucose clamp in 20 patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, by a glucose challenge test in 22 normal subjects and by an insulin challenge test in six normal subjects. Both in the glucose clamp and the glucose challenge test, plasma ANP showed a significant increase in association with increased plasma IRI and plasma volume. However, there was no significant correlation between the changes in plasma ANP levels and plasma IRI levels in view of the peak values and the area under the curve of their responses. In addition, the plasma ANP did not show any significant change despite the marked elevation of plasma IRI in the insulin challenge test. There was no significant change in plasma BNP under any of the hyperinsulinemic conditions. These findings provide in vivo evidence for the lack of a direct effect of acute hyperinsulinemia on natriuretic peptides, although the chronic effects of hyperinsulinemia remain to be elucidated.

Akiyo Tanabe, Department of Medicine, Institute of Clinical Endocrinology, Tokyo Women's Medical College, 8-1 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162, Japan

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Hiroki Kobayashi, Yoshihiro Nakamura, Masanori Abe, Isao Kurihara, Hiroshi Itoh, Takamasa Ichijo, Yoshiyu Takeda, Takashi Yoneda, Takuyuki Katabami, Mika Tsuiki, Norio Wada, Yoshihiro Ogawa, Ryuichi Sakamoto, Junji Kawashima, Masakatsu Sone, Nobuya Inagaki, Takanobu Yoshimoto, Tetsuya Yamada, Ryuji Okamoto, Yuichi Matsuda, Megumi Fujita, Minemori Watanabe, Kouichi Tamura, Akiyo Tanabe, Mitsuhide Naruse and JPAS/JRAS Study Group


We investigated the clinical significance of ACTH stimulation during adrenal venous sampling (AVS) by surgical outcome of primary aldosteronism (PA).


Multicenter retrospective study by Japan PA study.


We allocated 314 patients with both basal and ACTH-stimulated AVS data who underwent adrenalectomy to three groups: basal lateralization index (LI) ≥2 with ACTH-stimulated LI ≥4 on the ipsilateral side (Unilateral (U) to U group, n = 245); basal LI <2 with ACTH-stimulated LI ≥4 (Bilateral (B) to U group, n = 15); and basal LI ≥2 with ACTH-stimulated LI <4 (U to B group, n = 54). We compared surgical outcomes among the groups using the Primary Aldosteronism Surgical Outcome (PASO) criteria.


Compared with U to U group, U to B group had poor clinical and biochemical outcomes and low rates of adrenal adenoma as pathological findings (P = 0.044, 0.006, and 0.048, respectively), although there were no significant differences between U to U and B to U groups. All patients in U to B group with clinical and biochemical benefits, however, had adrenal adenoma as pathological findings and could be well differentiated from those with poor surgical outcomes via basal LI (>8.3), but not ACTH-stimulated LI. These results were similar even when we defined each group based on a cut-off value of 4 for basal LI.


Although PA patients in U to B group had worse surgical outcomes than did those in U to U group, basal LI could discriminate among patients with better surgical outcomes in U to B group.