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Charlotte Michaela Fries, Yoon Ju Bae, Nada Rayes, Benjamin Sandner, Berend Isermann, Michael Stumvoll, Valentina Fagotto, Martin Reincke, Martin Bidlingmaier, Vogel Mandy, Jürgen Kratzsch and Wiebke Kristin Fenske

Objective

Liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) has become state of the art for the quantitative analysis of steroid hormones. Although method comparisons show that aldosterone measurement using LC-MS/MS yields considerably lower levels than immunoassays (IAs), method-specific cutoff values for primary aldosteronism (PA) are largely missing. Objective of this study was to analyze the diagnostic accuracy of proposed LC-MS/MS-specific cutoff values for the saline infusion test (SIT).

Design and methods

From 2016 to 2019, 104 consecutive patients suspected of PA underwent the SIT and captopril challenge test in the tertiary medical center at the University Hospital of Leipzig, Germany. Patients with positive case confirmation underwent adrenal imaging and adrenal venous sampling for subtype classification.

Results

Overall, proposed assay-specific PACLC-MS/MS cutoff values for the SIT achieved higher diagnostic accuracy than established PACIA values with a sensitivity and specificity of 87.5% (95% CI: 71.0–96.5) and 97% (95% CI: 89.6–99.6) for a cutoff of 120 pmol/L and 93.8% (95% CI: 79.2–99.2) and 92.5% (95% CI: 83.4–97.5) for a cutoff of 94 pmol/L. The most accurate post-SIT PACLC-MS/MS cutoff value in this study was 83 pmol/L, yielding a sensitivity and specificity of 96.9% (95% CI: 83.8–99.9) and 92.5% (95% CI: 83.4–97.5), respectively.

Conclusions

The present data confirm the need for the implication of lower method-specific aldosterone cutoff values for the diagnosis of PA with LC-MS/MS based aldosterone measurement.

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Jin Soon Hwang, Hae Sang Lee, Woo Yeong Chung, Heon-Seok Han, Dong-Kyu Jin, Ho-Seong Kim, Cheol-Woo Ko, Byung-Churl Lee, Dae-Yeol Lee, Kee-Hyoung Lee, Jeh-Hoon Shin, Byung-Kyu Suh, Han-Wook Yoo, Hyi-Jeong Ji, Jin-Hwa Lee, Yoon Ju Bae, Duk-Hee Kim and Sei Won Yang

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of LB03002, a sustained-release human GH (SR-hGH), compared with that of daily rhGH for 12 months in children with GH deficiency (GHD).

Methods

A total of 73 children with GHD were screened and 63 eligible subjects were randomized in a 1:1 ratio of LB03002 (SR-hGH) to daily rhGH treatment group. LB03002 was administered once weekly at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg while daily rhGH was administered for 6 consecutive days with equally divided doses to make a total of 0.21 mg/kg per week. Treatments were given for 12 months by s.c. injections. Injection site reactions and adverse events were investigated throughout the study period.

Results

The mean (s.d.) height velocity (HV) showed a clinically significant increase after the 6-month treatment: 3.00 (1.15) cm/year at screening to 9.78 (1.98) cm/year at 6 months in the LB03002 group; 2.39 (1.63) cm/year at screening to 10.56 (2.65) cm/year at 6 months in the daily rhGH group. The increased HV at 12 months was still maintained in both the groups: 9.06 (1.63) cm/year at 12 months in the LB03002 group; 9.72 (2.32) cm/year at 12 months in the daily rhGH group. Most of the adverse drug reactions were mild and tolerable. No subjects were withdrawn due to adverse events.

Conclusion

Weekly injection of LB03002 at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg per week was confirmed to have comparable efficacy to daily injection of rhGH at a dose of 0.21 mg/kg per week. Both formulations were well tolerated.