A gonadectomy is currently recommended in patients with Turner syndrome (TS) and a 45,X/46,XY karyotype, due to a potential risk of gonadoblastoma (GB). However, the quality of evidence behind this recommendation is low.
This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of GB, its characteristics, as well as its risk factors, according to the type of Y chromosomal material in the karyotype.
Our study within French rare disease centers included patients with TS and a 45,X/46,XY karyotype, without ambiguity of external genitalia. Clinical characteristics of the patients, their age at gonadectomy, and gonadal histology were recorded. The regions of the Y chromosome, the presence of TSPY regions, and the percentage of 45,X/46,XY mosaicism were evaluated.
A total of 70 patients were recruited, with a median age of 29.5 years (21.0–36.0) at the end of follow-up. Fifty-eight patients had a gonadectomy, at a mean age of 15 ± 8 years. GB was present in nine cases. Two were malignant, which were discovered at the age of 14 and 32 years, without metastases. Neither the percentage of XY cells within the 45,X/46,XY mosaicism nor the number of TSPY copies was statistically different in patients with or without GB (P = 0.37). However, the entire Y chromosome was frequent in patients with GB (6/9).
In our study, including a large number of patients with 45,X/46,XY TS, the prevalence of gonadoblastoma is 12.8%. An entire Y chromosome appears as the main risk factor of GB and should favor early gonadectomy.
About 10% of patients with TS have a karyotype containing Y chromosomal material: 45,X/46,XY. Its presence is related to the risk of GB. Therefore, a prophylactic gonadectomy is currently recommended in such patients. However, the quality of evidence is low. Our objective was to evaluate the prevalence of GB according to the type of Y-chromosomal material. We found a prevalence of GB of 12.8% in a cohort of 70 TS patients. No sign of hyperandrogenism was observed. The entire Y chromosome was the most frequent type of Y-material in patients with GB. As the prognosis of these tumors was good, a delay of surgery might be discussed.
EJE is committed to supporting researchers in demonstrating the impact of their articles published in the journal.
The two types of article metrics we measure are (i) more traditional full-text views and pdf downloads, and (ii) Altmetric data, which shows the wider impact of articles in a range of non-traditional sources, such as social media.
More information is on the Reasons to publish page.
|Sept 2018 onwards||Past Year||Past 30 Days|
|Full Text Views||86||86||0|