Why not to (over)emphasize statistical significance

in European Journal of Endocrinology

Correspondence should be addressed to O M Dekkers; Email: o.m.dekkers@lumc.nl
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P values should not merely be used to categorize results into significant and non-significant. This practice disregards clinical relevance, confounds non-significance with no effect and underestimates the likelihood of false-positive results. Better than to use the P value as a dichotomizing instrument, the P values and the confidence intervals around effect estimates can be used to put research findings in a context, thereby taking clinical relevance but also uncertainty genuinely into account.


     European Society of Endocrinology

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