Do patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome type 1 benefit from periodical screening?

in European Journal of Endocrinology

OBJECTIVE: To determine the benefit of periodical clinical screening of carriers of a mutation in the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN-1) gene, because any useful discussion requires more concrete data. DESIGN AND METHODS: Our study population consisted of all the patients with MEN-1 (n=58) who were treated at the University Medical Centre Utrecht, The Netherlands, during the period 1975-2003, and their affected relatives (n=29). Records of affected individuals who died were analysed for morbidity, cause of death and age at death. We discuss our results in the light of the literature on MEN-1 regarding the benefit of screening. RESULTS: Over a period of 28 Years, we identified 87 individuals affected with MEN-1, from 16 families. A mutation in the MEN-1 gene was detected in 57%, 18% were obligate carriers, and in 24% the diagnosis was only clinically confirmed. Thirty individuals died, 17 from MEN-1-related causes, including malignancies (n=12: pancreatic islet cell tumours n=6 and carcinoid tumours n=6), the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (n=4) and Cushing's disease (n=1). The remaining patients died of causes probably related to MEN-1 (n=3), unrelated to MEN-1 (n=7) or of unknown causes. Mean ages at death from MEN-1 were 55.4 Years for men and 46.8 Years for women, in both cases significantly lower than the mean age at death in the average Dutch population (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We feel that the significantly increased risk of premature death found in patients with MEN-1 justifies the periodical clinical screening of carriers of the MEN-1 gene mutation. Early detection and treatment of abnormalities will probably reduce this risk.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.


     European Society of Endocrinology

Sept 2018 onwards Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 270 46 4
PDF Downloads 279 82 5