Proinsulin, C-peptide, and insulin in normal subjects during an 8-h hyperglycemic clamp

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Hartling SG, Røder ME, Dinesen B, Binder C. Proinsulin C-peptide, and insulin in normal subjects during an 8-h hyperglycemic clamp. Eur J Endocrinol 1996;134:197–200. ISSN 0804–4643

Increased concentrations of proinsulin immunoreactive material (PIM) absolutely or relative to insulin is a characteristic finding in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). The aim of this study was to test if 8 h or mild hyperglycemia (7–9 nmol/l in healthy subjects could induce a preferential secretion of PIM from B cells. Serum concentrations of insulin, C-peptide and PIM were measured every 10 min during the 8 h of continuous glucose infusion in nine normal-weight healthy subjects without diabetes among their first-degree relatives. After a gradual rise in B-cell peptides, a steady state was reached. From 4 to 8 h no further difference in insulin, C-peptide or PIM concentration was found. Fasting PIM/C-peptide and PIM/insulin ratios of 0.5% and 2.3% increased during the glucose clamp to levels of 1.4% and 7.6%, respectively. Neither testing the regression slope nor comparing individual time points showed any significant difference for the PIM/C-peptide ratio from 2 to 8 h and for the PIM/insulin ratio from 3 to 8 h. These results do not support the hypothesis that an increased glucose drive per se results in an altered B-cell function with increasing PIM/Cpeptide ratio. At least 8 h of mild hyperglycemia in healthy subjects does not progressively alter B-cell function.

Svend Hartling, Department of Internal Medicine, Sundby Hospital, Italiensvej 1, DK-2300 Sundby, Denmark

 

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