The existence of high-affinity and low-capacity specific binding sites for luteinizing hormone (LH)/human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) has been reported in porcine, rabbit and rat uteri. We have identified hCG binding sites in the human endometrium collected from 35–42-year-old ovulatory and anovulatory women. The binding characteristics of hCG to endometrial tissue preparations from ovulatory and anovulatory women showed saturability with high affinity and low capacity. Scatchard plot analysis showed the dissociation constant of specific binding sites in the ovulatory women to be 3.5 × 10−10 mol/l and in anovulatory women to be 3.1 × 10−10 mol/l. The maximum binding capacity varied considerably between ovulatory (3.85 nmol/kg protein) and anovulatory (6.12 nmol/kg protein) endometrium. Among the divalent metal ions tested (Zn2+, Mg2+, Mn2+, Ca2+—4 mol/l), Zn2+ effected a remarkable increase in [125I]hCG binding to the endometrium (p<0.005) whereas Mn2+ showed a marginal increase and other metal ions did not have any effect. Data obtained with human endometrium indicate an influence of the functional state of the ovary on [125I]hCG binding to endometrium.