The influence of ciamexone on the activity and course of endocrine orbitopathy was investigated. Fifty-one patients with active orbitopathy classes II-VI were allocated randomly to two groups: over a period of six months, 26 patients received 300 mg/day ciamexone and 25 patients received placebo tablets. In both groups, prednisolone was administered in addition in the first four weeks. Ophthalmological investigations and clinical tests as well as orbit sonography were carried out before as well as one, three and six months after the beginning of therapy. Before and after treatment, computer tomography of the orbit was performed. Symptoms and signs did not show any significant improvement one and six months after therapy. No differences between the two therapy groups were observed. Detailed examination did not reveal any preferential action of the product on individual parameters. Sonography and computer tomography showed no significant alterations of the thickness of the oculomotor muscles. Thus administration of 300 mg ciamexone once a day as compared with placebo did not show any effect on the course and activity of endocrine orbitopathy.